Standard fouls are to be called by the referee as soon as they occur and the fouled player is in control, until all balls from that shot come to rest. The referee then awards two visits to the opponent.
(1) Potting the Cue Ball - "In Off" { except on a Fair Break - see (F) The Break (4)(c)(1) }
 The incoming player plays from Baulk { see (E) Playing from Baulk (d)(1) }
(2) Playing from outside Baulk when obliged to play from Baulk. { see (E) Playing from Baulk (2)(a) }
(3) Potting an opponent's ball.  
 (except, when it is the properly nominated ball following a Foul Snooker or Foul Jaw Snooker)
(4) Playing out of turn. {A player who plays a shot immediately after playing a foul or immediately after the referee has called a foul on that player, has played out of turn.
(5) Accidentally striking the Cue Ball with any part of the cue other than the tip.
(6) Accidentally striking an Object Ball with any part of the cue or cue tip.
(7) Playing a shot before all balls have come to rest from the previous shot.
(8) Playing a shot before any balls that require spotting, have been spotted.